It is very hard work to describe such distinguished gemstone as the Diamond in a nutshell, due to its significance inside the mineral kingdom and jewelry market, nonetheless we ought to review this precious stone with the different viewpoints to learn its indeed historical, scientific and market value. In any case, we’ll try to describe it briefly, due to the fact that we described already many interesting facts in the article, concerning the April Birthstone.
Anyway, it is very important to learn the history of the Diamond, including the subjects of its indeed nature and actual value, because, understanding these subjects, anyone can understand such strange terms as “conflict free diamonds,” “birthstones,” “mother rings,” etc., because the history, legends and customs concerning any of gems, including the diamond, consist a clue to learning these (and many other) terms.
Origin of Diamond & its brief history
The history of the Diamond counts many centuries, but the reliable sources tell us that this gemstone was discovered in India and was unknown in Europe and United States until 1700.
The main diamond market was located between Madras and Bob May and exactly the district called “Golconda” chiefly was used for a diamond trading in those days, although the modern Indian diamond mines are represented by the Madras Presidency in Southern India, Chutia Nagpur province and in Bundelkhand, located in central India.
If you like to travel, you have to, without fail, pay a visit to these places.
Notwithstanding the popularity of Indian diamond, attempts to find the diamonds mined in other regions have been made on repeated occasions. Thus, in 1728, the gold miners of Brazil unexpectedly discovered the diamond mines located in this district.
Soon followed the discovery of the Portugal mines in Minas Geraes, Lencaes, on the Salobro. Lastly, South African mines were discovered in 1867.
There is an information that to discern the small diamonds among the clay and golden crumbs a lot of children were used. Thus, only young eye could implement this job properly, that is why too many children were used, furthermore a lot of slaves used in the diamond mines removed from the job being blind.
incidentally, any slave could get freedom finding a diamond weighing in at 17 and a half ounces. Thus, many slaves died in these mines, whence the term “blood diamond.” Later, in our time, was coined the term “conflict free diamonds.”
What does this term mean? Conflict free diamonds are these diamonds what was mined in the country free of any conflict or a violence, therefore, otherwise, all other diamonds are the “blood diamonds,” according to this term. But, of course, this term was introduced much later, therefore, now we discuss only such countries as Angola, Côte D’Ivoire, Sierra Leone and other, belonged to any colonial power.
The first case described the violins and child exploitation in the mines was described by the famous french traveller called Tavernier.
‘”It is pleasant,” says Tavernier, to see the children of these merchants, and of other people of the country, from the age of ten to that of fifteen or sixteen, coming every morning, and seating themselves under a large tree in the marketplace of the town.’ — Louis Dieulafait “Diamond and Precious Stones,” 1874.
The Value of the Diamond
What is the Diamond? It’s hard to believe, but chemically, the Diamond is substantially a pure carbon. The curious description could be found, studying the impressions of Julius Wodiska, who was confused by the fact, that the lampblack and the diamond consist the same base substance inside them both.
However, the true Diamond is the hardest substance known to the world, whence one of its valuable properties.
Why does it need to know? Being the hardest subject in the “universe” (who knows?), the only way to check a true diamond it is to try to scratch it using inferior gemstone, according to the Mohs Hardness Scale. For this purpose we could use such stone as Corundum (Ruby or Sapphire). Thus, if the corundum will scratch a Diamond, be sure — it is fake!
Despite the fact that a Diamond is the hardest mineral and gemstone, it is also possesses remarkable brilliancy due of its single refraction. Many other gems possess double refraction, whence its second name “a brilliant.”
Another distinguishing property of this unusual stone — its transcalency. It is also an important feature of a diamond, due to the fact that it is one of the simplest way to detect the true diamond among all of the fakes and imitations. The simple device called “Moissanite Detector” and its inferior analogs are used to distinguish this precious stone from semiprecious stones its inferior specimens and fakes.
Synthetic diamonds, HPHT diamonds, CVD diamond, etc.
It will not be superfluous to mention that overwhelming majority of the diamonds, represented at the online stores and jewelry shops, are of the synthetic origin. Of course, this statement may be doubtful, nonetheless we are not talking about “all of them.”
Nevertheless, let’s learn what are the “cultivated diamonds.” As well as the cultivated pearls (Mikimoto Pearls), the synthetic or cultivated diamonds are the diamonds, cultivated artificially. Despite the method of production, these diamonds are still natural. Let’s remember that the diamond is just a pure carbon, therefore using the special equipment, a carbon could be pressured to turn into the Diamond.
There are two varieties of the cultivated diamonds called HPHT diamonds & CVD diamonds, depending on the production method, nonetheless the true natural diamonds are still more valuable than its artificial “varieties.”
Magical properties, attributed to the Diamonds
There are a lot of mysteries encircled the Diamond. The ancients had no proven information concerning this gemstone, therefore they attributed to the Diamond lots of supernatural opportunities.
The Diamond was chiefly chosen appropriate for engagement ring due to the property attributed to it, that, as said, redound greatly to reinforce family relationships. In other words, much of the properties attributed to this gemstone, described its power apt to strengthen something, whether a health, communications, relationship, power, influence, thus the diamond was a symbol of influential persons.