Smoky Quartz — is a clear transparent variety of Quartz, which possesses smoked-glass color, and which is sometimes mistaken for a “Smoky Topaz.” The substance, which is the cause of its color, consists of an organic matter, mixed with a carbon. The color of Smoky Quartz can be different in the various parts of the crystal, and can be changed from brown to yellow, during heating. A specimen of Smoky Quartz, which is acquiring a different color after heating, is called a “Spanish Topaz.”
What is Smoky Quartz?
Smoky Quartz is a typical Rock Crystal, therefore it inherits all the properties appropriate to the Rock Crystal, including a hardness, which is equal to 7/10, according to the Mohs Scale. There is an opinion, that a crystal of the Smoky Quartz has acquired its color due to radiation, however this is only a hypothesis. According to another version, an organic matter is the cause for the origin of its color. This phenomena can be easily illustrated if heat a crystal of Smoky Quartz, whereupon it smells like a burning organic matter.
Legends and Superstitions
Smoky Quartz considered the stone of Buddha in the Oriental countries. According to the ancient Indian legend, there was a giant cup, made of Smoky Quartz, having drunk from which, everyone could rid of any disease. That’s why the Oriental magicians recommends to wear the mascots made of Smoky Quartz.
Smoky Quartz, as well as the Rock Crystal, is a popular magical stone. It is considered, that this variety of quartz is under influence Pluto – a powerful planet, whereupon, it furthers the development of the supersensitive perception, and facilitates to achieve a deep consciousness, up to the opening the Third Eye. That’s why Smoky Quarts considered one of the best stones for the meditation.
Smoky Quartz is a semi-precious stone. It is suitable for jewelry purposes, however, is used chiefly in cheap jewelry. This stone could be useful, mostly to emphasize the individuality. In the Middle Ages, Smoky Quartz has been used principally to create the figures of the animals and humans, thus, mostly for the ornamental purposes, though, due to its sufficient hardness, Smoky Quartz is suitable for polishing and cutting, therefore is using in the modern jewelry.
The principal deposits of Smoky Quartz have been discovered in the Swiss Alps, Canton Uri, in 1868. The largest crystals of Smoky Quartz, obtained from this mine are stored now in the Berne Museum.
The second’s important location of the Smoky Quartz’s mines has been discovered in Colorado, in the vicinity of Pike’s Peak. This mine produces the flawless specimens of a Smoky Quartz, that are, being faceted, weigh a pound or more.
Such variety of Smoky Quartz as so-called Cairngorm is obtained at Cairngorum, in northern Scotland. That’s why this variety of the Smoky Quartz has been chosen as a national gemstone of Scotland. However, in jewelry has chiefly used the crystals of Cairngorm of yellow color, in spite of their natural color. The crystal of Cairngorm acquires this color during the process of heating.